McAllister Industries

1-800-667-6167
Hours of Operation:
Mon - Fri: 8:30am - 4:30pm
Pacific Standard Time

McAllister Industries

The parent company of our two manufacturing divisions – McAllister Spring and Chamberlain Spring. See us for all your coil and leaf spring needs.

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Macspring

Proudly manufacturing and designing leaf spring products for 100 Yrs. and still going strong. Now partnering with our coil spring division to be even bigger and better.

Chamberlain Spring

Has been making top quality coil spring products and wire forms for over 60 Yrs. Full engineering and prototyping available.


Technical Info

 

Basic Relations

Free Height = Travel + Solid Height
Load = Load rate x Deflection
Solid load = Load rate x Travel

Basic Equations

For Round Bar:
Load Rate (R) = (Gd4) / (8ND3)
Stress (S) = (PD / .393d3)K or (GdF / (Pi)ND2)K
Curvature Correction (K) = (4C - 1) / (4C - 4) + (0.615 / c)
Spring Index (c) = D / d

Where:
G = Modulus of Elasticity (11,200,000 for steel)
R = Load Rate
d = Bar Diameter
D = Mean Diameter (O.D. minus Bar Size)
N = Active Turns (Total Turns less 1.5)
P = Applied Load
F = Axial Deflection
c = Spring Index (D / d)
K = Curvature Correction Factor
Pi = Pi (3.14)

Suggested Limits On Proportions

In designing springs, certain practical limits on proportions should be followed whenever possible. These are as follows:

  • Outside diameter = 4 to 8 times bar diameter
  • Free height = 1 to 4 times outside diameter
  • Minimum solid height = 5 times bar diameter

Readily available bar sizes should be used unless large quantities are involved. Double and triple concentric nests may be used for more capacity in limited space.

Glossary

COMPRESSION SPRINGS
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. Compression springs are usually coiled as a constant-diameter cylinder.

EXTENSION SPRINGS
Extension springs are springs which absorb and store energy by offering resistance to a pulling force. Various types of ends are used to attach the extension spring to the source of the force.

TORSION SPRINGS
Torsion springs, whose ends are rotated in angular deflection, offer resistance to externally applied torque. The wire itself is subjected to bending stresses rather than torsional stresses, as might be expected from the name.

SOLID HEIGHT
Height of spring when loaded to bring all coils in contact.

STATIC LOAD
The dead weight supported by the spring, no motion being involved.

LOADED HEIGHT
Height of the spring when carrying the static load.

SOLID LOAD
The load required to bring the coils in contact with each other.

TRAVEL
The movement between free height and solid height.

DIAMETERS
Outside diameter must be given if spring is fit into a tube. Inside diameter must be given if spring is to fit over a rod or another spring.

LOAD RATE
The load per unit of deflection-nomally expressed in lbs/inch. This is a basic property of the spring.

SOLID STRESS
The stress range between spring free and spring solid.

Please call us for more technical help:
Call us at 604-888-1871 or Toll Free at 866-278-3255